Search engines are programs designed to analyze, structure and organize data based on the keywords that the user wishes or requires to gain information about. Search engines were created to make it simpler and easier for internet users to get a perplex view of all the information that can be found on the World Wide Web. Moments before the search engines were developed, the internet was clustered with File Transfer Protocol (FTP) sites and in this case users had to navigate within the specific site to find out or search for what they were looking for. This was considered to be both stressful and lustful. The first search engines was like soldiers in a war. They fought hard and died on the battlefield. They weren’t strong enough to survive, but they still a part of Computer History.
History of Search Engines
- Archie (1990)
Archie was considered to be the father of search engines. It came to life in the year 1990 by the creativity and handwork of Alan Emtage who was still a student at that time in the McGill University in Montreal. The name “Archie” was formed out of the word archives. Archie helped solved this data scatter problem by making available a matcher that helps scan for the word.
- World Wide Web Wanderer
This search engine was introduced in the year 1993 by Matthew Gray. The initial plan was to measure the growth of the web and take a count on the active web servers. The database it used was called Wandex. This search engine was more of a problem than a solution because it cause system lag by accessing a single particular page hundred times a day.
- Infoseek (1995-2001)
The search engine that was launched in early 1995, was initially hope to place charges for searching which obviously failed. The popular search engine then later shifted to depending on banner ads just like the others that couldn’t survive as well.
- Google (1997)
Google the ultimate was found by two Stanford PhD students Larry Page and Sergey Brin. Google was first called Backrub. Backrub checked and analyzed the number of links coming back to websites and this was considered the perfect idea used to weigh the World Wide Web.
- MSN (1998)
The MSN search was a service that was part of the Microsoft network of web services. The Microsoft goal at that time was to take control over all of the aspects of computing. The Microsoft network at that time had just lauched the Internet Explorer which was considered to be the favorite amongst other browsers. The major problem at the moment was that the MSN only displayed serach results from Inktomi and Looksmart. In 2006, it was later rebranded and renamed Windows Live.
- AllTheWeb (1999)
AllTheWeb was considered to be a very strong rival to Google. It was launched in May 1999 and became as popular as Google but never has as much users as Gooogle. It was sometimes refered to as Fast Search because of its speed. In April 2003, AllTheWeb was bought for $70 million by Overture.
- Teoma (2000)
Teoma was a search that was known for its special ability to spin through the web and provide links related to the searched keyword. It was later purchased in September 2001 by Ask Jeeves and was transformed to a search engine that provided results found only in Ask Jeeves websites.
This was how the story all began. The idea of the search engines gave rise to other innovations and ideal like cloud computing that gave computing a meaningful and organized structure.